- Advertisement -

An Danganta Matsin Rayuwa Da Ake Ciki Da Hauhawar Farashin Kayayyaki– Masana

0

An Danganta Matsin Rayuwa Da Ake Ciki Da Hauhawar Farashin Kayayyaki– Masana - Dimokuradiyya

Kwararrun masana harkokin tattalin arziki sun ce hauhawar farashin kayayyaki a Najeriya ya yi illa ga rayuwar ‘yan Najeriya.

- Advertisement -

Kwararrun a zantawa da Kamfanin dillancin labarai na Najeriya, NAN, sun ce hauhawar farashin kayayyaki ya rage karfin saye na daidaikun mutane wanda ya haifar da koma baya na rayuwa.

A cewar Hukumar Kididdiga ta Kasa (NBS), hauhawar farashin kayayyaki a Najeriya ya karu zuwa kashi 17.71 a duk shekara a watan Mayun 2022.

NBS ta kuma ce farashin kayayyakin abinci ya karu a cikin watanni 12 da suka gabata a cikin rahoton da ta fitar a kwanan baya.

- Advertisement -

Farfesa Aminu Usman, na Jami’ar Jihar Kaduna, ya ce hauhawar farashin kayayyaki na nufin rage darajar kudin da mutum ya samu, wanda ya kai ga rage abunda yake saye.

Usman, malami a Sashen Tattalin Arziki, ya ce yanzu mutane za su sayi kayayyaki kaɗan da adadin kuɗin da aka ba su.

“Wannan yanayin yana nuna cewa yanayin rayuwar mutane yana tabarbarewa, musamman ga masu karamin karfi, wadanda kudaden shigar su ke da tsauri yayin da farashin ke tashi.

- Advertisement -

“Yana nuna gangarowar yawancin matalauta zuwa kara talauci da tabarbarewar yanayin rayuwa.”

Ya ce babban abin da ya jawo hauhawar farashin kayayyaki shi ne hauhawar farashin kayan masarufi da tashin farashin kayan masarufi ke haifarwa, ya kara da cewa “ana tsammanin hakan ne saboda damina ta yi kuma tsohon hannun jari ya kare.

“Haka kuma yana haɗe da tsadar takin zamani da rashin tsaro wanda ya haɗu ya hana manoma da noma gwiwa. Wannan kuma ya haifar da raguwar hasashe don amfanin gona,” in ji shi.

- Advertisement -

Mista Ben Ekeyi, mai ba da shawara kan harkokin kudi na gwamnati, ya ce hauhawar farashin kayayyaki a Najeriya na da mummunar tasiri ga karfin siyan ‘yan Najeriya ta hanyoyi daban-daban.

Ekeyi ya ce daya daga cikin tasirin ya hada da rage karfin siyan da ake bukata da kuma bukatu da kayayyaki da ayyuka, musamman ma inda babu kwatankwacin karuwar kudaden shiga.

“Wasu kuma karancin rayuwa ne, karuwar talauci yayin da ‘yan Najeriya ke kara kasa samun kayan da ake bukata.

- Advertisement -

“An samu raguwar barin makaranta musamman a matakin firamare da sakandare. Yawancin iyalai a Najeriya sun kasa daukar nauyin karatun sassansu, wanda hakan ya sa suka fice daga makarantu.”

Ya ce masana tattalin arziki sun kulla alaka tsakanin karancin karfin saye da ake samu sakamakon hauhawar farashin kayayyaki da karuwar laifuka.

A cewarsa, inda gidaje ba su iya biyan bukatun mambobinsu, akwai yiyuwar wasu za su shiga ayyukan da suka shafi laifuka.

- Advertisement -

Ekeyi ya kuma ce ana alakanta karancin saye da karuwar munanan dabi’u kamar karuwanci, ‘yan daba, jajircewar matasa, da yawan kashe kai da sauransu.

Ya kara da cewa karancin wutar lantarki ya kuma kara kaura zuwa birane, saboda a hankali wasu ‘yan Najeriya mazauna garuruwan ke komawa kauyukansu saboda tsadar rayuwa a garuruwan.

A cewarsa, karancin karfin saye kuma yana da yuwuwar kai ga mutuwa.

- Advertisement -

“Lokacin da mutum ba zai iya biyan bukatun yau da kullun ba, musamman a fannin kiwon lafiya, yana iya yiwuwa ya mutu,” in ji shi.

Mista Paul Alaje, babban masanin tattalin arziki tare da SPM Professionals ya ce tare da hauhawar hauhawar farashin kayayyaki,

yana nufin wanda ya samu N100,000 a wannan karon a shekarar 2021, yanzu yana da kasa da N85,000 a bana saboda bai aikata wani laifi ba.

- Advertisement -

“Yana nufin cewa darajar abin da kuɗi za su iya saya ya ragu. Menene ma’anar? Yanzu mutane za su iya siyan ƙasa kaɗan.

“Idan da za su iya sayen buhunan shinkafa biyu a da da kudin shigarsu, yanzu za su iya siyan kasa da buhu biyu.

“Shin yana nufin yunwa ta ragu a cikin iyali? Amsar ita ce a’a. Har yanzu mutane suna fama da yunwa amma albarkatun rayuwarsu yanzu sun fi karfin saye.”

- Advertisement -

Alaje ya ce wannan lamarin na iya jefa iyalai da dama cikin hadari domin wasu mambobin na iya rasa ayyukansu saboda gazawar ma’aikatansu na biyan su albashi sakamakon raguwar tallace-tallace.

“Don haka, lokacin da hauhawar farashin kayayyaki da rashin aikin yi suka shiga, kuna da abin da muke kira stagflation, wannan shine yanayin da yunwa, talauci da rashi mutane ke karuwa ko karuwa sosai.”

Ya ce abin da ya shafi zamantakewa da tattalin arziki na gabaɗaya shine karuwar yawan laifuka.

Alaje ya ce matsakaicin hauhawar farashin kayayyaki ga al’umma ya kamata ya kasance tsakanin kashi uku zuwa biyar cikin dari amma abin takaici shi ne, a cikin shekaru bakwai da suka wuce an samu hauhawar farashin kayayyaki a Najeriya.

Wani bangare na ‘yan Najeriya da ya zanta da NAN, ya ce hauhawar farashin kayayyaki ya rage musu rayuwa tare da sanya ceto ba zai yiwu ba.

Mista Isaac Ighure, wani dan fansho ya ce hauhawar farashin kayayyaki ya rage masa yanayin rayuwa, ya kara da cewa haka lamarin yake da ‘yan fansho da dama a kasar.

Ighure ya ce iyalai da yawa suna “yanke lungu” ta hanya mai kyau don kawai su iya cin abinci.

“Daga cikin masu karbar fansho da kuma tsofaffi, hauhawar farashin kayayyaki na yin barna sosai, da kyar muke iya rayuwa.

“Masu fansho su kadai ne, suna shan wahala, gwamnati ba ta tallafa wa ‘yan fansho ta kowace hanya kuma babu wata manufa ga tsofaffi gaba daya.

“Ta yaya kuke biyan kuɗin ‘ya’yanku, biyan haya, kula da lamuran lafiya, da sauransu, a matsayin ɗan fansho? Wasu ’yan fansho suna kula da ’ya’yansu da suka kammala karatun digiri waɗanda ba su da aikin yi.

“Za ka ga tsofaffi da yawa suna mutuwa da hauhawar jini saboda duk waɗannan matsalolin. Za a iya tsawaita rayuwarsu idan gwamnati za ta iya daukar nauyin lafiyar tsofaffi,” in ji shi.

Misis Tosin Ajayi, wata ma’aikaciyar gwamnati kuma uwar ‘ya’ya uku, ta ce tsadar rayuwa da hauhawar farashin kayayyaki ya haifar ya zama abin da ba za a iya jurewa ba.

“A matsayina na uwa da kuma ma’aikaciyar gwamnati, ba abu mai sauƙi ba ne rayuwa a cikin tattalin arzikin yau. Ba za ku yarda cewa kashi 90 cikin 100 na kuɗin shiga iyali ana amfani da su don kashe kuɗi ba. Ba za ku iya yin ajiya ba.

“Farashin rayuwa ya yi tsada kuma abin ya zama mai wahala ga kowa. Daga kayan abinci zuwa sauran abubuwan amfani, gas, wutar lantarki, da sauransu, yana da damuwa.

“Abin da nake yi a matsayina na uwa shi ne in gaya wa ’ya’yana gaskiyar da ke ƙasa. Ina gaya musu cewa ba abin yarda ba ne a zubar da abinci kuma ku yi godiya da abin da iyayenku suka ba ku.

“Muna kira ga gwamnatin Najeriya da ta nemi hanyoyin da za ta rage hauhawar farashin kayayyaki, kashi 17.7 cikin 100 ba za mu amince da su ba. Wannan yana da mahimmanci don hana yawan laifuffuka da ayyukan haram,” in ji ta.

Misis Lynn Ikechukwu, matar aure kuma mahaifiyar ‘ya’ya uku, ta ce hauhawar farashin kayayyaki ya sa ta yi mata wahala wajen tsarawa da kuma kasafin kudin gidanta.

“Ba shi da sauƙi a tsara da kasafin kuɗi tare da karuwar hauhawar farashin kayayyaki. Misali, tsakanin Satumba 2021 zuwa Mayu 2022, farashin diapers ya tashi daga Naira 6,000 zuwa N7,000, zuwa 7,500 kuma yanzu N9,500.

“Duk lokacin da ka je kasuwa farashin kayan abinci yana kara karuwa, yanzu ba a iya sayen tumatur. Dole ne ku manta da wasu kayan abinci. Fada mani ta yaya wani zai iya tsarawa a irin wannan yanayi?”

Ms Chioma Ibeh, wata mai sayar da abinci ta yanar gizo, ta ce hauhawar farashin kayayyaki ya haifar da raguwar kwastomomi wanda hakan ya jawo mata koma-baya.

“Farashin abinci ya karu sosai. Kusan kowane kayan abinci da na saya, farashin ya karu har Naira 2,000.

“Kafin Lita 2.4 na miya na edikaikong na kan sayar da N15,500 da kuma N16,000 amma yanzu ina sayar da N18,000 zuwa N18,500.

“Lokacin da na gaya wa abokan ciniki adadin adadin kwanon miya ko stew sai su yi korafin cewa ya yi tsada. Amma a karshen wannan rana ita ce hakikanin halin da ake ciki a kasar.

” Ina fata tattalin arzikin kasar ya samu daidaito domin hauhawar farashin kayayyaki ya sa sana’ata ta ragu sosai.

“A cikin mako guda, zan iya tafiya ba tare da wani odar abinci ba kuma wannan yana da kyau ga mutane kamar ni waɗanda ke da wannan kasuwancin a matsayin tushen samun kuɗi kawai, ta yaya zan biya kuɗina?”

Misis Amaka Eze, wata ‘yar kasuwa, ta ce hauhawar farashin kayayyaki ya sa ta kasa samun riba daga tallace-tallace, inda ta kara da cewa al’amura ba su taba yi mata mummunar illa ga kasuwancinta ba.

“Tun da na fara wannan sana’ar ta sayar da kayan abinci, ban taba ganin irin wannan ba. Na sayi katon kifi na Titus akan Naira 20,000, yanzu yana tsakanin N40,000 zuwa N45,000.

“Kwalan Panla ya kasance N6,000 yanzu ya zama N12,000. Na sayi kwandon kwandon tumatur akan Naira 4,000, mutane ba sa zuwa sayan kayan abinci kamar da, saboda babu kudi.

“Abin takaici ne har wasu ’ya’yan kirki har sun zo shagona suna bara domin ba su da kudin da za su sayi abincin da za su ci.

NAN ta tuna cewa sabon rahoton Babban Bankin Duniya na Babban Rahoton Tattalin Arziki na Duniya ya ce barnar da aka samu daga COVID-19 da yakin Ukraine ya kara tabarbarewar tattalin arzikin duniya.

Rahoton ya ce hakan ya haifar da raguwar ci gaban da aka samu da kuma karuwar hauhawar farashin kayayyaki, lamarin da ya haifar da hadarin hauhawar farashin kayayyaki, tare da yin illa ga matsakaita da masu karamin karfi. (NAN)

wt11 gif

- Advertisement -

Get real time updates directly on you device, subscribe now.

Leave A Reply

Your email address will not be published.

This website uses cookies to improve your experience. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. Accept Read More

Privacy & Cookies Policy